Pet Care Basics: Different Types of Veterinarians

Pet Care Basics: Different Types of Veterinarians

Regardless of what animal you take on – a fuzzy one or with plumes or scales, it’s essential to find out what veterinarian would provide treatment for them. Possibly you’re not a pet parent,  but are considering having a career in vet medicine, and you do not have any idea of its extent. Vet medicine is vast, covering many specialties and subspecialties. Though not extensive, this list gives an overview of the significant career paths in this particular field of medicine.

Companion Animal Veterinarians

The companion animal veterinarians would be the equivalent of your family physician. They are also known as General Practitioners; they specialize in looking after small animals like cats, dogs, and pocket pets. They’re board-certified to provide the most common family pet cares such as diagnostics, treatments, and surgical services.

Many family pet parents are familiar with general practitioners. They usually bring their family pets to an animal hospital for primary care, consisting of pet grooming, routine check-ups, vaccinations, dog and cat boarding, and more. 

Exotic Animal Veterinarians

These vets have comprehensive training in caring for non-domestic animal species. Although general practitioners might deal with exotic pets as long as they can be owned lawfully, they can not call themselves exotic animal veterinarians unless they have post-grad training.

These vets have been specially educated to look after birds, reptiles, amphibians, and pocket pets. They can take care of your exotic pets, zoo animals, and those animals in wildlife habitats. Some likewise acquire additional training and accreditations to be exotic animal specialists. 

If you are looking for a facility to have your exotic pet checked, you can visit facilities like the  Riverside Veterinary Hospital.

Food and Large Animal Veterinarians

Food animal vets specialize in animals raised for human consumption; they ensure that what we have on our tables is risk-free to eat. Many of them are large animal vets; despite the specific focus, they guarantee livestock is free from ailments. Several veterinarians work on ranches, Large Animal Hospitals, and some get to travel a lot in specially-equipped motor vehicles going to their patients in remote areas. Their most common patients are cattle, horses, sheep, goats, and pigs.

Veterinary Specialists

Veterinary doctors or general practitioners can pursue specializations. More than 20 recognized vet disciplines, such as dentistry, dermatology, nephrology, anesthesiology, and other career options, are offered. Additionally, they might select specific animal species like dogs, cats, avians, or wildlife. To become a specialist, these veterinarians undertake advanced training in post-veterinary school programs and pass board accreditation examinations for their selected specialties. Reputable specialists and comprehensive facilities can be found in facilities like the Riverside Veterinary Hospital.

Research Veterinarians

Every physician of veterinary medicine certainly needs to have strong scientific knowledge for their jobs; however, it’s a lot more crucial among research veterinarians. They usually are not as visible as other specialists; they typically work behind the scenes. Nonetheless, they play critical roles in the well-being of animals. Researchers frequently operate in infectious disease, pathology, animal feed manufacturing, pharmacology, etc. They often find themselves employed in biomedical research labs, universities, and government organizations.


You might spend hours surfing the net to learn more about vet medicine. Now, if you have come this far reading this article, it has lightened the load for you to have a general understanding of the available paths if you’re thinking about a career in veterinary medicine. Or if you’re a pet parent asking yourself where to take your pot-bellied pig or talkative parrots.

The field of veterinary medicine is not just dealing with pet animals. They also see to it that those raised for human consumption are safe for us, and last but not least, they see that the ecology preserves its balance by looking after the wildlife animals.


Thanks for Reading

Enjoyed this post? Share it with your networks.